Lass uns kochen - Rezepten der sizilianischen Tradition
Lass uns kochen!
Rezepten der sizilianischen Tradition
Flag of Germany Welcome | Why learn German? | How learn German? | Grammar | Learn new words | Hangman Game | Translator
Learn German - Eearn new words easily. Easiest way to learn German

Pronounce: Consonants

Many German consonants have the same pronunciation as in English. These are the main exceptions:
- B at the end of a syllable is softened to a sound more than P; likewise, D and G at the end of a syllable sound like T and K respectively.
- J is pronounced as English "Y" (so "jung" has the same initial sound as his English brother-in-law "young").
- In the combinations "kn", "pf"," and "ps", both letters are pronounced. This is not as difficult as it seems, even if it takes some time to get used to it. Maybe you already know the kn sound from the Yiddish word "knish". In the case of pf (as in Pferd, horse in English) and ps (as in Psychologie), just prepare to say a p, with your lips closed, and say the second letter letting them open a bit.
- V is like English (and German) "F" in words of Germanic origin (hence "Vater" has the same initial sound as "father"), but in words of foreign origin is usually pronounced as English V / German W (see below).
- W is very similar to the English "V" (our W sound does not exist in German).
- Z is pronounced as "ts".
- Qu" is pronounced as "kv". We have this in the Yiddish word "kvetch" (complaining) in English, which comes from the German quetschen (crush or squeeze). A single S is usually pronounced as an English Z, with a few exceptions: - Before another consonant, it is a normal S as soft as in English (so "Skulptur" has the same initial sound as the English "Sculpture").
- Sp- and St- at the beginning of a syllable are pronounced Shp- and Sht- (e.g. "Spaten" sword/shoulder). Previous sounds are relatively easy to pronounce, as long as you remember the rules. Some of the most difficult sounds in German are R and CH. They are available in several variations:
- R at the end of a word or syllable: this is not always reported in textbooks or dictionary pronunciations, but most native speakers pronounce a terminal r very weakly; it is more than an "a" sound that sometimes pulls out the previous vowel. For example, der (determinative article) usually sounds more like "goddess". This is a particular problem for North Americans. - R at the beginning of a word or syllable, as in rot (red), is pronounced at the back of the throat with a little scratch.
- Guttural CH: A ch is pronounced "guttural" when it occurs after an a, o, u or au, as in auch (also) or doch (ma).
- CH soft: A "ch" after any other vowel (as in pronouns ich and dich), or at the beginning of a few words (China, Chemie) is pronounced "softly". Many foreigners, and even some young native speakers, pronounce it as an English sh sound (as in "shy", shy).
- CH Greek: There is a third, less common "ch" sound that is identical to a K. It comes from the Greek letter chi (χ) and appears more often in words of Greek derivation (Chaos, Charakter), but also appears in a few German words, as in sechs (the number six).
- Foreign CH: There are many words on loan in German that retain their original CH sounds, for example from French (Chef, Chauffeur), English (Cheeseburger, Chips) or Spanish (Chile, Chihuahua).
There are other minor differences in the pronunciation of consonants, but they are really too subtle and are not so important to be understood. If you can remember everything I wrote above (even if you're not perfect on the R and CH sounds), you're already well underway.

External resources

How to pronounce consonants in German (Youtube Channel: Learn German with Anja)
Previous topic - Next topic

Learn German Online Easily and Free - Herzlich willkommen!

Are you a beginner and want to learn deutsch because you are thinking of going on holiday or moving to Germany, Switzerland, Austria or the other 35 German-speaking countries for business purposes? then this site is for you!

German isn't just spoken in Germany, yet in addition different nations in Europe: Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, and in northern Italy, eastern Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, eastern France, portions of Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia, Romania, just as in different pieces of Europe.

Germany, known for designing, innovation, autos and history, is basically a place where there is thoughts, innovators and advancement. A trademark for quality and creativity, Germany has turned out to be one of Europe's top advancement pioneers. As the cutting edge of new advancements, Germany turns into a fascination for innovative work in different fields.

Germany is the third most mainstream goal among global understudies on the planet. In excess of twelve percent of understudies at German colleges originate from abroad. Germany welcomes youngsters from everywhere throughout the world to ponder in its very, universally well known University of Applied Sciences, Technical Universities and Universities of Fine Arts possessed by government states. What's more, best of all, most German colleges don't charge any education costs.

Numerous German organizations, for example, BMW, Daimler, Siemens, Lufthansa, SAP, Bosch, Infineon, BASF, and numerous others need worldwide accomplices. Learning of German expands openings for work with German. Knowing the language and culture of German colleagues improves relations and in this way the odds for compelling correspondence and fruitful participation.

Imparare il Tedesco

is a website where FREE German language resources are collected and reorganized, which will help you to learn german or improve your conversation by spending only 10 minutes a day! The content comes from some of the best sites and online services for studying German. At your disposal there will be video, audio, images, smartphone applications and much more that will make your study much more 'simple and effective. Unlike a few years ago, it is no longer necessary to attend boring courses or buy CDs, today in the Internet you can find many services, free and paid (but cheap) that will allow you to achieve excellent results in a reasonable time.

But how many of these methods are really effective?

There is not a universal method that is good for everyone, in this site I have collected the methods that, personally, I have considered most valid and that have helped me to improve the understanding of the German language. I have been living in Switzerland for 4 years and I started to study German almost immediately. It is a language, at least for me, very difficult, but at the same time fascinating. I decided to create this site because I also have the opportunity to periodically review the various topics and always be motivated.   We will constantly update the site by inserting new verbs to memorize and new topics of grammar. The important thing is to watch the videos and use the memorization apps that will help you with new sentences or words. If you like, you can join discussion groups created through the WowApp or Telegram service, so we can exchange ideas and tips on studying German.

Thanks for your visit and good learning!